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Silent Valley Movement
Silent Valley Movement was a movement against the state to protect Silent valley, an evergreen tropical forest in the Palakkad district of Kerala, India. It was started in 1973 to save the Silent Valley Reserve Forest from being flooded by a hydroelectric project.
The valley became the focus of the Save Silent Valley movement after the announcement of the impending dam construction, which is the most feared environmental controversy in India this decade. Due to concerns about the endangered lion-tailed macaque, the matter was brought to the attention of the public. Romulus Whitaker, founder of Madras Snake Park and Madras Crocodile Bank, was probably the first to draw attention to the small and remote areas.
History of Silent Valley Movement
- The British named the area ‘Silent Valley’ because of the absence of the noisy Cicadas.
- Kuntipuja is a major river that flows 15 km southwest of Silent Valley.
- Its origin is in the green forest of Silent Valley.
- In 71928, the location of the Kunthipujha river in Sairandhri was identified as an ideal place for power generation.
- Initially, the British government decided to build a dam on the river flowing from the forest.
- In 1958, a study and survey of the area was carried out, and a hydroelectric project was proposed by the Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB).
- Plans for a hydroelectric project that threatened the park’s high wildlife diversity sparked an environmental social movement called Save Silent Valley in the 1970s, which led to the project’s cancellation.