Download Principles of Organisation PDF
You can download the Principles of Organisation PDF for free using the direct download link given at the bottom of this article.
|File name||Principles of Organisation PDF|
|No. of Pages||88|
|File size||1.8 MB|
|Date Added||Dec 19, 2022|
Principles of Organisation Overview
Management is a vital aspect of the economic life of man, which is an organised group activity. Central Directing and controlling agency is indispensable for a business concern. The productive resources – material, labour, capital etc. are entrusted to the organising skill, administrative ability and enterprising initiative of the management. Thus, management provides leadership to a business enterprise.The principles enable managers to decide what should be done to accomplish given tasks and to handle situations which may arise in management. These principles make managers more efficient.
Nature & Characteristics
- Management is a group activity
- Management is goal-oriented
- Management is a factor of production
- Management is universal in character
- Management is needed at all levels of the organization
- Management is a distinct process
- Management is a social process
- Management is a system of authority
- Management is a dynamic function
- Management is an art as well as a science
- Advancement of human skills
- Specialization of work
- High work speed
- Organizational productivity
Concept of Management:
Henry Fayol is considered the father of modern theory of general and industrial management. He divided general and industrial management into six groups:
- Technical activities: Production, manufacture, adaptation.
- Commercial activities: Buying, selling and exchange.
- Financial activities: Search for and optimum use of capital.
- Security activities: Protection of property and persons.
- Accounting activities: Stock-taking, balance sheet, cost, and statistics.
- Managerial activities: Planning, organisation, command, co- ordination and control.
It is concerned with the understanding, prediction and control of human behaviour in organizations. It focuses on the individuals, the groups and the organization and also on their interactional relationships. It is the study and application of knowledge about how people act with organizations. It is a human tool for human benefit. It applies broadly to the behaviour of people in all types of organizations. Wherever organizations are, there is a need to understand organizational behaviour. According to Fred Luthans, “Organisational behaviour is directly concerned with the understanding, production and control of human behaviour in organisations.”
It is a disagreement between two or more organisation members or groups arising from the fact that they must share scarce resources or work activities and/or from the fact that they have different statuses, goals, values or perceptions. Organisation members or sub- units in disagreement, attempt to have their own cause or point of view prevail over that of others. Conflicts may be at individual level, group level and at organisational level. Conflicts affect the work efficiency of the individual and of the group; as a result productivity is reduced.