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|Date Added||Jan 14, 2023|
Overview of Life introduction of Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1963 in Calcutta. Calcutta is now known as Kolkata. Vivekananda died at the age of 39 on 4 July 1902 at Belur Math, British Raj.
He was known by the name of Narendranath Dutt since childhood. Later his name was Swani Vivekananda. His guru and teacher was Ramakrishna Paramhans. His thoughts about life were very great and were going to take him to heights. He also had a famous statement that “Arise, awake and do not stop until the goal is achieved”.
Today’s youth are also greatly influenced by Vivekananda’s words and his thoughts. That is why it is said that if a person adopts his thoughts in his life, he can lead a very beautiful and settled life.
Swami Vivekananda Ka Jivan Parichay:
- The name of the Guru of Swami Vivekananda was Sri Ramakrishna Paramhans. Ramakrishna Paramhans was a famous priest of the Kali temple located in Dakshineswar, Kolkata. Swami Vivekananda’s first meeting with Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was in 1881. In this Kali temple of Dakshineswar, Swami Vivekananda attained divine knowledge by sitting at the feet of his Guru Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansa.
- Swami Vivekananda could live with his Guru Ramakrishna Paramhansa for five years from 1882 to 1886. Swami Vivekananda wanted to root out the problems prevailing in the society. Swami Vivekananda expressed his important views on various problems of the society.
- Swami Vivekananda strongly attacked the prevailing nationalism, untouchability in the Indian society, he wanted to remove the difference between high and low castes, he used to say that the God that is in your mind is also in my mind, then why this discrimination, why this equality.
- He was against the exploitation of the lower castes by the upper castes. Swami Vivekananda: Every nation should give full respect to its female caste, those nations who do not respect women, they have never been able to progress and will not be able to do so in future, Swami Vivekananda had said this.
- Swami Vivekananda ji emphasized on giving education related to women and religious and character. Swami Vivekananda ji opposed child marriage. Emphasized on giving a new direction to the society by removing the kurutiyas, bitterly criticized all the kurutiyas in the society.
Early life of Swami Vivekananda:
- Swami Vivekananda was born in Calcutta in an elite Kayastha family. His childhood home was named Vireshwar, but his formal name was Narendranath Dutt. Father Vishwanath Dutt was a famous lawyer of Calcutta High Court. Durgacharan Datta, a scholar of Sanskrit and Persian, left his family at the age of 25 and became a monk.
- His mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a woman of religious thoughts. Most of his time was spent in worshiping Lord Shiva. The religious, progressive and rational attitude of Narendra’s father and his mother helped shape his thinking and personality. Since childhood, Narendra was not only very intelligent but also mischievous.
- He used to do a lot of mischief with his fellow children and did not miss mischief with his teachers when he got a chance. Regular worship was done daily in her house. Due to her religious inclination, Mata Bhuvaneshwari Devi was very fond of listening to the stories of Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharata etc. Storytellers used to come regularly to his house. Bhajan-kirtan also used to happen regularly.
Education of Swami Vivekananda:
- At the age of eight, in 1871, Narendranath joined Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s Metropolitan Institute where he went to school. In 1877 his family moved to Raipur. In 1879, after his family returned to Calcutta, he was the only student to obtain first division marks in the Presidency College entrance examination.
- He was an avid reader of subjects including philosophy, religion, history, social sciences, arts and literature. He had deep interest in many Hindu scriptures apart from Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata and Puranas. Narendra was trained in Indian classical music, and regularly participated in physical exercises and sports.
- Narendra studied Western logic, Western philosophy and European history at the General Assembly Institution (now the Scottish Church College). He passed the Fine Arts examination in 1881, and completed his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1884. Narendra studied the works of David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Baruch Spinoza, Georg W. H. Hegel, Arthur Schoopinhaar, Auguste Comte, John Stuart Mill, and Charles Darwin.
- He translated Spencer’s book Education (1860) into Bengali. He was greatly fascinated by the evolutionism of Herbert Spencer. Along with the study of western philosophers, he also learned Sanskrit texts and Bengali literature. William Hastie (Principal of the Mahasabha Sanstha) wrote, “Narendra is truly a genius. I have traveled widely and widely, but have not seen a single child of his genius anywhere, not even among the philosophical students of the German universities.” Many times he has also been called Shrutidhar i.e. a person with prodigious memory.
Contribution and importance of Vivekananda
- At the age of thirty, Swami Vivekananda represented Hinduism at the World’s Religion Conference in Chicago, America and got it universal recognition. Gurudev Rabindranath Thakur once said – “If you want to know India, read Vivekananda. You will find everything positive in them, nothing negative.
- Romain Rolland had said about him – “It is impossible to even imagine him being second, wherever he went, he remained first. Everyone used to refer to their leader in them. He was the representative of God and his specialty was to gain dominion over all. Once in the Himalayan region, an unknown traveler stopped on seeing him and cried out in wonder – ‘Shiva!’ It was as if the person’s favorite god had written his name on his forehead.”
- He was not only a saint, but also a great patriot, orator, thinker, writer and human-lover. Returning from America, he called upon the countrymen and said – “New India has come out of the cobbler’s shop, from the hell of the hustling, from the factory, from the market, from the market; Got out of the bushes, forests, mountains, mountains. And the people answered the call of Swami. She left with pride.
- The public support that Mahatma Gandhi got in the freedom struggle was the result of Vivekananda’s call. In this way, he also became a major source of inspiration for the Indian freedom struggle. He believed that holy India is the holy land of religion and philosophy. It was here that the great Mahatma’s and sages were born, it is the land of renunciation and renunciation and it is here – only here – that from the beginning till today the supreme ideal of life and the door of salvation has been opened for man.
- His statement- “‘Get up, wake up, wake up yourself and wake up others. Make your male birth successful and do not stop until the goal is achieved.