Download Indian History Telugu PDF
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|File name||Indian History Telugu PDF|
|No. of Pages||230|
|File size||10.9 MB|
|Date Added||Dec 8, 2022|
Indian History Overview
Archaeological evidence of physically developed modern humans in the Indian subcontinent is estimated to be 73,000-55,000 years old. There is some evidence of early humans dating back to around 5,00,000 years ago. It is considered to be the “Uyala of Civilization”. The Indus Valley Civilization, the first major civilization in South Asia, spread across the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1300. A modern, technologically advanced urban culture developed during the Profound Harappan period from 2600 to 1900 BC. This civilization dates back to BC. Collapsed at the beginning of the second millennium. Later the Iron Age Vedic culture continued. This period saw the composition of the Vedas, the sacred texts of Hinduism. It was linked to social division based on caste for the Janapadas (monarchical, state-level regimes). Later the Vedic civilization spread to the Indo-Gangetic plain as well as most of the Indian subcontinent. It also saw the rise of mainstream politics known as Mahajanapadas. In one of these empires, Magadha, Gautama Buddha, Mahavira in BC. In the 5th and 6th centuries their serial philosophies were propagated.
History of Indian:
The Maurya Empire conquered most of the Indian subcontinent in the 4th – 3rd centuries BC. BC Prakrit and Pali literature flourished in the north and Tamil Sangam literature in south India from the 3rd century onwards. In the 3rd century, wootz steel originated in southern India and was exported abroad. During the traditional period, various dynasties ruled different parts of India for the next 1,500 years. The Gupta Empire stood at the top among them.This period can be said to be a testimony to the revival of Hindu religion and intellectual wealth. It is described as “Scientific India” or “Golden Age”. During this period elements of Indian civilisation, administration, culture and religion (Hinduism, Buddhism) spread to much of Asia. But the kingdoms of South India had maritime trade relations with the Middle East and the Mediterranean.
Indian cultural influence has spread to many parts of Southeast Asia. This led to the establishment of Indian kingdoms in Southeast Asia (Greater India). The most important event is considered to be the Tripathi struggle centered around Kannauj between the 7th – 11th centuries. It lasted for two centuries between the Pala Empire, the Rashtrakuta Empire and the Gurura-Pratihara Empire. South India saw the development of multiple imperial powers in the mid-5th century. Among these the Chalukya, Chola, Pallava, Chera, Pandyan and Western Chalukya empires are very important. In the 11th century, the Chola dynasty conquered South India and successfully occupied Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Bengal. Early medieval Indian mathematics influenced the development of mathematics and astronomy in the Arab world and Hindu numerals were introduced.