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|File name||Glorious India After Independence PDF|
|No. of Pages||120|
|File size||28.3 MB|
|Date Added||Dec 16, 2022|
Glorious India After Independence Overview
The glorious India after independence is a new India which has progressed in many fields and has demonstrated its power to the whole world. Today India is moving towards becoming a world leader.
The students of class 12 are taught about the Glorious India after independence so that they can get more information about their country and not only can be helpful in the progress of their country, but also learn from their history and future. Can improve and understand the grandeur of India.
- After a hard struggle of almost 200 years, on 15th August, 1947 the sun of freedom rose on the horizon of Mother India and our own government came to power.
- New life was infused in India after ages of slumber, but independence brought with it immense sorrow and suffering for the people of Punjab, Sindh and Bengal. Many men, women and children became victims of the communal frenzy that had spread throughout the country at that time.
- In the infancy of independence, our country had to face very difficult and complex problems. The country got partitioned and lakhs of people were rendered homeless. Our government had to rehabilitate them.
- At the same time, Pakistan got the tribal people to attack Kashmir while Kashmir had merged with India and became a part of India.
- The princely states of Hyderabad rebelled against our government. Other kings and emperors also made efforts to form an independent state. But thanks to God all these difficulties were overcome with the help of our great leaders.
- The first achievement of independent India was to unite the various units of the country and to unite the princely states of about 600 kings in the country. He united the country and its people. After the adoption of a new constitution on 26 January 1950, India was declared a ‘republic country’.
- It assured justice, liberty, equality and fraternity to all its citizens. In this, Hindi was declared as the national language and 18 other languages as regional languages. In this it was also announced that India is a secular state and there will be no discrimination against any person on the basis of religion, race, caste or creed.
- In the last four decades, ten general elections have been held on the basis of universal adult franchise. As a result of the elections held in 1989, National Front governments were formed at the Center and in several states. The transfer of power between the center and the states in a peaceful manner is an indicator of the nature of politics in India being completely democratic.
- In the last five decades, we have successfully completed eight five year plans. This has given strength and stability to our economy. India’s per capita income has increased from Rs.466 in 1950-51 to Rs.9,377 in 1996-97. Substantial progress has been made in both agriculture and industrial production.
- The production of food grains has increased from 52 million tonnes in 1951-52 to more than 199.32 million tonnes in 1996-97. Encouraged by the successes of the Five Year Plans, India has now started the Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-2007). The comprehensive rate of development has been kept at 6 percent in the plan.
- At the end of the scheme, the production of food grains will be 210 million tonnes. There is a possibility of increasing the energy potential to 448 billion kilowatts. Other targets of the plan are: to increase the quantity of salable steel from 14.26 million tonnes to 23.22 million tonnes; To increase the production of crude petroleum from 310 lakh tonnes to 500 lakh tonnes, and to create one crore new jobs every year.
- India has accepted one of the great challenges of modern times, namely, to establish socialism through peaceful and non-violent means. To remove hunger and unemployment, the goals kept in the plans have been aimed to be fulfilled by the process of fearless decentralization of political and economic powers, not by adopting authoritarian or coercive measures. The success of democracy in India depends only on the successful operation of these development plans.