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Disaster Management in Hindi
Disaster management is the process of special preparedness during natural or man-made disasters to protect life and property and reduce the impact of the disaster. Disaster management does not eliminate the threat directly but it helps in reducing the risk by planning. Disaster hazards arise from the combination of risk and vulnerable situations. These factors keep on changing from both time and geographical aspects. Risk management has three components. This includes hazard identification, hazard mitigation and post-disaster management.
What is a natural disaster?
Various natural disasters like drought, flood, cyclonic storms, earthquake, landslide, forest fire, hailstorm, locust swarm and volcanic eruption cannot be predicted, nor can they be prevented, but their effects It can be reduced to a certain extent, so that there is minimum loss of life and property. This work can be done only when there is proper support of disaster management. Many people die every year due to natural disasters, most of them lose their lives.
Stages of Disaster Management
Mitigation Components of Disaster Management – In this phase an organization takes steps to protect people and property, as well as measures to reduce and prevent disasters, including measures that reduce the likelihood of an emergency. or reduce the harmful effects of an emergency. And the main goal of the organization is to reduce the vulnerability to disaster impacts like property damage etc.
Preparedness – what to do in this phase, where to go, or who to call for help in a disaster, full-scale exercises, creating a supply list of items useful in a disaster, developing a disaster preparedness plan, training, evaluation, Includes recovery activities, and educational activities for those events.
Response – The response phase occurs immediately after a disaster and usually focuses on repair rather than emergency issues. The organization conducts search and rescue operations and restores property, utilities, operations, reestablishes business Focuses on servicing, installation and cleaning tasks.
Recovery – Ultimately the fifth step in the disaster-management cycle is recovery. This phase is about helping individuals, communities, businesses and organizations return to normal or a new normal, depending on the impact of the disaster. It can take a long time to get back to normal, sometimes even years or even decades. First, essential services such as food, clean water, utilities, transportation and healthcare are restored, and less-essential services are given priority.
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